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  • CAROLINIAN CANADA

CAROLINIAN SPECIES
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ABITATS
     
Tall Grass Prairie & Savanna    
Prairie & Savanna Flora

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Dense Blazing Star: P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Dense blazing star, Liatris spicata

Dense blazing star is listed as a Canadian species of special concern due to loss of prairie and savanna habitat in Ontario.


Rough Blazing Star: Mary Gartshore
Photo: Mary Gartshore
Rough blazing star, Liatris aspera

This native relative of Liatris spicata is very rare in Ontario. For more information about the plant refer to Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses.


Photo:  Ross Brown
Photo: Ross Brown
Grey-headed coneflower, Ratibida pinnata

 


Bird's Foot Violet: Mary Gartshore
Photo: Mary Gartshore
Bird'sfoot Violet, Viola pedata

The bird's-foot violet inhabits savanna within deciduous forests of Ontario. It is considered a threatened species in Canada, where its small populations are isolated from those in the United States. A prescribed burn at Turkey Point Provincial Park to control succession of oak savanna has been beneficial to this plant.


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Green milkweed, Asclepias viridiflora

See natural history notes at the North Prairie Wildlife Research Centre. Green milkweed is very rare in Ontario.


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Tall green milkweed, Asclepias hirtella

Tall green milkweed is extremely rare in Ontario.


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Spotted bee-balm, Monarda punctata

See natural history notes at Discover Life. Spotted bee-balm is extremely rare in Ontario


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Wild lupine, Lupinus perennis

Read this research article: Habitat requirements of lupine and the karner blue butterfly. Lupine is the only natural food source for larvae of the rare karner blue. The wildflower is rare to uncommon in Ontario savanna.


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Prairie dock, Silphium terebinthinaceum

See natural history notes from the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Centre. The prairie dock is extremely rare in Ontario.


Photo:  Todd Farrell
Photo: Todd Farrell
Sullivant's milkweed, Asclepias sullivantii

Sullivant's milkweed or prairie milkweed is a very rare species of sandy prairie habitats in Ontario.

Natural history notes can be found at Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses.


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Goat's Rue, Tephrosia virginiana

A species of open oak and pine woods, sand prairie and dunes, goat's rue is threatened by shade from successional tree growth. It is listed as an endangered species in Canada.


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Small white lady's slipper, Cypredium candidum

The small white lady's slipper orchid has been extirpated from Saskatchewan and parts of it's former range in Ontario and Manitoba. Its threats include urbanization, agriculture, encroachment of forest, collection by plant enthusiasts, late spring frosts and competition by aggressive weed species. It is designated an endangered species in Canada.


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Pink milkwort, Polygala incarnata

An estimated 400 plants survive at two sites in Canada: Walpole Island and Ojibway Park in Ontario. It is an endangered species in Canada and through many parts of its range in the United States.


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Showy goldenrod, Solidago speciosa

Threatened by habitat loss to agriculture, showy goldenrod is an endangered species in Canada, occuring only on Walpole Island, Ontario.


Photo:  Cathy Quinlan
Photo: Cathy Quinlan
Tall sunflower, Helianthus giganteus

The tall or giant sunflower is a stikingly tall (2 to 3 m) plant that blooms in mid to late summer. The showy yellow flower heads (5 cm wide) attract pollinating insects.


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Big Bluestem, Andropogon gerardii

A common grass in native tallgrass prairie, big bluestem is the state prairie grass of Illinois.


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Little Bluestem, Schizachyrium scoparium

Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Prairie Cordgrass, Spartina pectinata

See natural history notes from the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.


Photo:  P. Allen Woodliffe
Photo: P. Allen Woodliffe
Fringed Brome Grass, Bromus ciliatus

See species information on fringed brome at the Fire Effects Information System from USDA Forest Service.

Prairie & Savanna Flora    
Prairie & Savanna Fauna    
Prairie & Savanna Sites    
Managing Prairies & Savannas 
 
   
     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
     
Photo: Virginia Tech

Black Oak (Quercus velutina)

 

More information from the U.S. Silvics of North America

       
       
 

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